Grimm's Household Tales with the
translated by Margaret Hunt
THERE was once a King's son who was
betrothed to a maiden whom he loved very much. And when he was sitting
beside her and very happy, news came that his father lay sick unto death,
and desired to see him once again before his end. Then he said to his
beloved, "I must now go and leave thee, I give thee a ring as a remembrance
of me. When I am King, I will return and fetch thee." So he rode
away, and when he reached his father, the latter was dangerously ill,
and near his death. He said to him, "Dear son, I wished to see thee
once again before my end, promise me to marry as I wish," and he
named a certain King's daughter who was to be his wife. The son was in
such trouble that he did not think what he was doing, and said, "Yes,
dear father, your will shall be done," and thereupon the King shut
his eyes, and died.
When they came to the King's daughter, she had twelve suits of huntsmen's clothes made, all alike, and the eleven maidens had to put on the huntsmen's clothes, and she herself put on the twelfth suit. Thereupon she took leave of her father, and rode away with them, and rode to the court of her former betrothed, whom she loved so dearly. Then she inquired if he required any huntsmen, and if he would take the whole of them into his service. The King looked at her and did not know her, but as they were such handsome fellows, he said, "Yes," and that he would willingly take them, and now they were the King's twelve huntsmen.
The King, however, had a lion which was a wondrous animal, for he knew all concealed and secret things. It came to pass that one evening he said to the King, "Thou thinkest thou hast twelve huntsmen?" "Yes," said the King, "they are twelve huntsmen." The lion continued, "Thou art mistaken, they are twelve girls." The King said, "That cannot be true! How wilt thou prove that to me?" "Oh, just let some peas be strewn in thy ante-chamber," answered the lion, "and then thou wilt soon see it. Men have a firm step, and when they walk over the peas none of them stir, but girls trip and skip, and drag their feet, and the peas roll about." The King was well pleased with the counsel, and caused the peas to be strewn.
There was, however, a servant of the King's who favored the huntsmen, and when he heard that they were going to be put to this test he went to them and repeated everything, and said, "The lion wants to make the King believe that you are girls." Then the King's daughter thanked him, and said to her maidens, "Put on some strength, and step firmly on the peas." So next morning when the King had the twelve huntsmen called before him, and they came into the ante-chamber where the peas were lying, they stepped so firmly on them, and had such a strong, sure walk, that not one of the peas either rolled or stirred. Then they went away again, and the King said to the lion, "Thou hast lied to me, they walk just like men." The lion said, "They have got to know that they were going to be put to the test, and have assumed some strength. Just let twelve spinning-wheels be brought into the ante-chamber some day, and they will go to them and be pleased with them, and that is what no man would do." The King liked the advice, and had the spinning-wheels placed in the ante-chamber.
But the servant, who was well disposed to the huntsmen, went to them, and disclosed the project. Then when they were alone the King's daughter said to her eleven girls, "Put some constraint on yourselves, and do not look round at the spinning-wheels." And next morning when the King had his twelve huntsmen summoned, they went through the ante-chamber, and never once looked at the spinning wheels. Then the King again said to the lion, "Thou hast deceived me, they are men, for they have not looked at the spinning-wheels." The lion replied, "They have learnt that they were going to be put to the test, and have restrained themselves." The King, however, would no longer believe the lion.
The twelve huntsmen always followed the King to the chase,
and his liking for them continually increased. Now it came to pass that
once when they were out hunting, news came that the King's betrothed was
approaching. When the true bride heard that, it hurt her so much that
her heart was almost broken, and she fell fainting to the ground. The
King thought something had happened to his dear huntsman, ran up to him,
wanted to help him, and drew his glove off. Then he saw the ring which
he had given to his first bride, and when he looked in her face he recognized
her. Then his heart was so touched that he kissed her, and when she opened
her eyes he said, "Thou art mine, and I am thine, and no one in the
world can alter that." He sent a messenger to the other bride, and
entreated her to return to her own kingdom, for he had a wife already,
and a man who had just found an old dish did not require a new one. Thereupon
the wedding was celebrated, and the lion was again taken into favour,
because, after all, he had told the truth.
Grimm, Jacob and Wilhelm. Household Tales. Margaret Hunt, translator. London: George Bell, 1884, 1892. 2 volumes.
From Hesse. The incident of the first betrothed being for gotten is repeated in many stories (Dearest Roland, The Singing, Soaring Lark, &c.) We will only cite two memorable examples, Duschmanta forgets Sacontala, and Sigurd, Brünhild. See The Servant, in the Pentamerone (3. 6).